VOTER RESOURCES

Election Basics

An election allows those eligible to vote (the electorate) to decide who should represent their views and interests. Elections are held at regular intervals to enable the population to change their representative if they no longer feel that the current postholder best represents those views and interests.

Fair and free elections are an essential part of a democracy, allowing citizens to determine how they want the country to be governed.

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STAGES OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

  1. Each voter (also called an elector) receives a form shortly before an election in their constituency and this gives the location of their polling station.
  2. Each elector presents his/her identification card to officials at the polling station, who checks off the name of the voter against the electoral register and issue them with a ballot paper.
  3. Electors vote by putting a cross on the ballot form against the name of the candidate they want to represent them and then placing the ballot paper in a sealed box. (Any other mark or comment on the paper renders it invalid.)
  4. When polling closes, the ballot boxes are collected from each polling station in the constituency and taken to a central point.There the seals are checked before the boxes are opened and the votes for each candidate are counted.
  5. When the counting finishes, the results of voting in that constituency are announced by the returning officer, who declares the winner of the election.

Voting

Constituencies, Boundaries & Polling Stations

The National Assembly Elections Act Cap. 162 divides St. Kitts and Nevis into 11 electoral districts for the purpose of federal elections. Each electoral district constitutes one constituency and each constituency elects only one member to the Assembly.

Schedule 2 (1) of the Constitution states that “There shall be not less than eight constituencies in the island of St Christopher and not less than three constituencies in the island of Nevis and if the number of constituencies is increased beyond eleven, not less than one third shall be in the island of Nevis.”

2015 General Election Results

A total of 22 candidates contested the 2015 general election. The ruling St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (SKNLP) fielded eight candidates to the People’s Action Movement’s (PAM) six, while the People’s Labour Party (PLP) nominated two. On the island of Nevis, the Concerned Citizens Movement (CCM) and the Nevis Reformation Party (NRP) each put three candidates forward.

During the election campaign, the major parties focused on education, health care and job creation, as well as a proposal from Team Unity to exempt food and medicine from value added tax. 

On Saint Kitts, the People’s Action Movement won four of the eight seats, whilst the Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party losing half their seats. Contesting their first elections, the People’s Labour Party won one seat. On Nevis two seats were won by the Concerned Citizens’ Movement and the third by the Nevis Reformation Party.

Voter turnout was 72.19%.

Prime Minister Denzil Douglas, who had been in power since 1995, conceded defeat. On 23 February, Dr. Harris was sworn in as new Prime Minister, becoming only the third person to assume the post since independence from Britain in 1983.

Party Code Votes % votes Candidates Seats
St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party SKNLP 11,897 39.27% 8 3
People’s Action Movement PAM 8,452 27.90% 6 4
People’s Labour Party PLP 2,723 8.99% 2 1
Concerned Citizens Movement CCM 3,951 13.04% 3 2
Nevis Reformation Party NRP 3,276 10.81% 3 1
Total Valid Votes 30,299 100% 22 11

 

Summary by Constituency
Constituency  Registered Voters SKNLP PAM PLP CCM NRP Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Voter Turnout
St. Christopher #1 5,036 1,727 1,731 3,458 21 3,479 69.08%
St. Christopher #2 4,740 1,758 1,660 3,418 15 3,433 72.43%
St. Christopher #3 3,265 1,348 1,076 2,424 29 2,453 75.13%
St. Christopher #4 3,166 1,216 1,252 2,468 13 2,481 78.36%
St. Christopher #5 3,107 884 1,245 2,129 8 2,137 68.78%
St. Christopher #6 2,823 1,969 200 2,169 6 2,175 77.05%
St. Christopher #7 3,191 867 1,647 2,514 22 2,536 79.47%
St. Christopher #8 5,753 2,128 2,364 4,492 13 4,505 78.31%
Nevis #9 6,127 2,033 1,715 3,748 20 3,768 61.50%
Nevis #10 1,393 754 306 1,060 3 1,063 76.31%
Nevis #11 3,584 1,164 1,255 2,419 6 2,425 67.66%
Total 42,185 11,897 8,452 2,723 3,951 3,276 30,299 156 30,455 72.19%

 

Elected Members of the National Assembly
The unicameral National Assembly was comprised of 11 elected members.
Constituency  Winning Candidate   Party
St. Christopher #1 LIBURD, Ian Patches   People’s Action Movement
St. Christopher #2 LIBURD, Marcella A.   St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
St. Christopher #3 MAYNARD, Konris   St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
St. Christopher #4 GRANT, Lindsay Fitzpatrick   People’s Action Movement
St. Christopher #5 RICHARDS, Shawn Kenneth   People’s Action Movement
St. Christopher #6 DOUGLAS, Denzil Llewellyn   St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
St. Christopher #7 HARRIS, Timothy Sylvester   People’s Labour Party
St. Christopher #8 HAMILTON, Eugene Alastair   People’s Action Movement
Nevis #9 BRANTLEY, Mark Anthony Graham   Concerned Citizens Movement
Nevis #10 AMORY, Vance Winkworth   Concerned Citizens Movement
Nevis #11 NISBETT, Patrice Dwight H.   Nevis Reformation Party

CCM = Concerned Citizens Movement; NRP = Nevis Reformation Party; PAM = People’s Action Movement; PLP = People’s Labour Party; SKNLP = St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party; IND = Independent Candidate; *incumbent; ** Political Leader

Year Polling Day Winning Party % votes Seats Total Seats Voter Turnout
1952 Monday, 6 October 1952 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 80.95% 8 8 95.69%
1957 Wednesday, 6 November 1957 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 53.60% 5 8
1961 Thursday, 16 November 1961 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 67.08% 7 10 68.75%
1966 Monday, 25 July 1966 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 44.21% 7 10 73.42%
1971 Monday, 10 May 1971 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 50.65% 7 9 87.89%
1975 Monday, 1 December 1975 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 60.17% 7 9 71.87%
1980 Monday, 18 February 1980 St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla Labour Party 50.01% 4 11 74.54%
1984 Thursday, 21 June 1984 People’s Action Movement 44.53% 6 11 74.26%
1989 Tuesday, 21 March 1989 People’s Action Movement 44.37% 6 11 66.77%
1993 Monday, 29 November 1993 People’s Action Movement 33.59% 4 11 66.69%
1995 Monday, 3 April 1995 St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party 49.58% 7 11 67.89%
2000 Monday, 6 March 2000 St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party 53.85% 8 11 64.15%
2004 Monday, 25 October 2004 St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party 50.61% 7 11 58.48%
2010 Monday, 25 January 2010 St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party 46.96% 6 11 83.40%
2015 16 February 2015 Team Unity 49.92% 7 11 72.19%

Government Structure

As Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II is represented in St. Kitts and Nevis by a Governor General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the leader of the political party which won the largest number of seats in the National Assembly in the last general election. He is invited to form a government by the Governor-General. The Prime Minister is the senior minister in the government and is ultimately responsible for all government policies and programmes.

The Parliament of St. Kitts & Nevis is comprised of the Speaker, elected members of the Government and Opposition parties (11), appointed Senators (3) and the Attorney-General when not an elected member. Parliament, also called the National Assembly is the sole institution through which laws of the Federation of St. Kitts & Nevis are passed, taxes imposed, and public expenditure authorized.

Under the Constitution, Nevis has considerable autonomy and has an Island Assembly, a Premier, and a Deputy Governor General. Nevis has its own legislature, premier and administration. The Nevis legislature, the Nevis Island Assembly, has five members elected by universal adult suffrage and three nominated members. The central government legislates for Nevis in matters concerning overall policy formation. Under the constitution, provision is made for the secession of Nevis at six months’ notice, after a two-thirds majority in favour in the Nevis Assembly and a referendum, also with at least two-thirds in favour.

Government Type Parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Independence 19 September 1983 (from the UK) 
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Head of State (Executive Branch) Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Governor-General 
Head of Government (Executive Branch) Prime Minister  
Cabinet (Executive Branch) Cabinet appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Elections the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed Prime Minister by the Governor-General.
Legislative Branch Unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
Judicial Branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a Court of Appeal and a High Court; based on Saint Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Kitts and Nevis); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ).

Election Basics

An election allows those eligible to vote (the electorate) to decide who should represent their views and interests. Elections are held at regular intervals to enable the population to change their representative if they no longer feel that the current postholder best represents those views and interests.

Fair and free elections are an essential part of a democracy, allowing citizens to determine how they want the country to be governed.

STAGES OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

  1. Each voter (also called an elector) receives a form shortly before an election in their constituency and this gives the location of their polling station.
  2. Each elector presents his/her identification card to officials at the polling station, who checks off the name of the voter against the electoral register and issue them with a ballot paper.
  3. Electors vote by putting a cross on the ballot form against the name of the candidate they want to represent them and then placing the ballot paper in a sealed box. (Any other mark or comment on the paper renders it invalid.)
  4. When polling closes, the ballot boxes are collected from each polling station in the constituency and taken to a central point.There the seals are checked before the boxes are opened and the votes for each candidate are counted.
  5. When the counting finishes, the results of voting in that constituency are announced by the returning officer, who declares the winner of the election.

ElectionSKN Videos

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Election Basics

An election allows those eligible to vote (the electorate) to decide who should represent their views and interests. Elections are held at regular intervals to enable the population to change their representative if they no longer feel that the current postholder best represents those views and interests.

Fair and free elections are an essential part of a democracy, allowing citizens to determine how they want the country to be governed.

STAGES OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

  1. Each voter (also called an elector) receives a form shortly before an election in their constituency and this gives the location of their polling station.
  2. Each elector presents his/her identification card to officials at the polling station, who checks off the name of the voter against the electoral register and issue them with a ballot paper.
  3. Electors vote by putting a cross on the ballot form against the name of the candidate they want to represent them and then placing the ballot paper in a sealed box. (Any other mark or comment on the paper renders it invalid.)
  4. When polling closes, the ballot boxes are collected from each polling station in the constituency and taken to a central point.There the seals are checked before the boxes are opened and the votes for each candidate are counted.
  5. When the counting finishes, the results of voting in that constituency are announced by the returning officer, who declares the winner of the election.

Government Structure

Government Structure

As Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II is represented in St. Kitts and Nevis by a Governor General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the leader of the political party which won the largest number of seats in the National Assembly in the last general election. He is invited to form a government by the Governor-General. The Prime Minister is the senior minister in the government and is ultimately responsible for all government policies and programmes.

The Parliament of St. Kitts & Nevis is comprised of the Speaker, elected members of the Government and Opposition parties (11), appointed Senators (3) and the Attorney-General when not an elected member. Parliament, also called the National Assembly is the sole institution through which laws of the Federation of St. Kitts & Nevis are passed, taxes imposed, and public expenditure authorized.

Under the Constitution, Nevis has considerable autonomy and has an Island Assembly, a Premier, and a Deputy Governor General. Nevis has its own legislature, premier and administration. The Nevis legislature, the Nevis Island Assembly, has five members elected by universal adult suffrage and three nominated members. The central government legislates for Nevis in matters concerning overall policy formation. Under the constitution, provision is made for the secession of Nevis at six months’ notice, after a two-thirds majority in favour in the Nevis Assembly and a referendum, also with at least two-thirds in favour.

Government TypeParliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Independence19 September 1983 (from the UK) 
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Head of State (Executive Branch)Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Governor-General 
Head of Government (Executive Branch)Prime Minister  
Cabinet (Executive Branch)Cabinet appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Electionsthe monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed Prime Minister by the Governor-General.
Legislative BranchUnicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
Judicial BranchEastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a Court of Appeal and a High Court; based on Saint Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Kitts and Nevis); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ).

2015 General Election Results

A total of 22 candidates contested the 2015 general election. The ruling St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (SKNLP) fielded eight candidates to the People’s Action Movement’s (PAM) six, while the People’s Labour Party (PLP) nominated two. On the island of Nevis, the Concerned Citizens Movement (CCM) and the Nevis Reformation Party (NRP) each put three candidates forward.

Election Basics

An election allows those eligible to vote (the electorate) to decide who should represent their views and interests. Elections are held at regular intervals to enable the population to change their representative if they no longer feel that the current postholder best represents those views and interests.

Fair and free elections are an essential part of a democracy, allowing citizens to determine how they want the country to be governed.

STAGES OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

  1. Each voter (also called an elector) receives a form shortly before an election in their constituency and this gives the location of their polling station.
  2. Each elector presents his/her identification card to officials at the polling station, who checks off the name of the voter against the electoral register and issue them with a ballot paper.
  3. Electors vote by putting a cross on the ballot form against the name of the candidate they want to represent them and then placing the ballot paper in a sealed box. (Any other mark or comment on the paper renders it invalid.)
  4. When polling closes, the ballot boxes are collected from each polling station in the constituency and taken to a central point.There the seals are checked before the boxes are opened and the votes for each candidate are counted.
  5. When the counting finishes, the results of voting in that constituency are announced by the returning officer, who declares the winner of the election.

Government Structure

As Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II is represented in St. Kitts and Nevis by a Governor General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the leader of the political party which won the largest number of seats in the National Assembly in the last general election. He is invited to form a government by the Governor-General. The Prime Minister is the senior minister in the government and is ultimately responsible for all government policies and programmes.

The Parliament of St. Kitts & Nevis is comprised of the Speaker, elected members of the Government and Opposition parties (11), appointed Senators (3) and the Attorney-General when not an elected member. Parliament, also called the National Assembly is the sole institution through which laws of the Federation of St. Kitts & Nevis are passed, taxes imposed, and public expenditure authorized.

Under the Constitution, Nevis has considerable autonomy and has an Island Assembly, a Premier, and a Deputy Governor General. Nevis has its own legislature, premier and administration. The Nevis legislature, the Nevis Island Assembly, has five members elected by universal adult suffrage and three nominated members. The central government legislates for Nevis in matters concerning overall policy formation. Under the constitution, provision is made for the secession of Nevis at six months’ notice, after a two-thirds majority in favour in the Nevis Assembly and a referendum, also with at least two-thirds in favour.

Government Type Parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Independence 19 September 1983 (from the UK) 
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Head of State (Executive Branch) Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Governor-General 
Head of Government (Executive Branch) Prime Minister  
Cabinet (Executive Branch) Cabinet appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Elections the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed Prime Minister by the Governor-General.
Legislative Branch Unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
Judicial Branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a Court of Appeal and a High Court; based on Saint Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Kitts and Nevis); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ).