Dutch state found liable in deaths of more than 300 men in Srebrenica massacre
(CNN) — The Netherlands is liable for the deaths of more than 300 men who were taken from a Dutch compound in the Bosnian town of Srebrenica in July 1995, during the Bosnian war, a Dutch court ruled Wednesday.
The Dutch peacekeepers failed to protect the men — most of who were killed after they were taken away by Bosnian Serb forces — and the state should compensate the families of the men for their loss, the District Court in The Hague said.
The civil case against the Dutch state was brought by the Mothers of Srebrenica group in connection with the massacre of nearly 8,000 Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica, one of the worst atrocities of the Balkans conflict.
The Bosnian Muslims had sought refuge in the compound of the Dutch peacekeeping force, known as Dutchbat, when the Bosnian Serb forces overran the town.
But the peacekeepers, who were under the command of a U.N. Protection Force deployed after the collapse of the former Yugoslavia, allowed them to be taken away by the Bosnian Serbs.
“Given the information Dutchbat had about the fate of the male refugees at the time and because of the special position of the compound — a fenced-in area where they had full control — they should not have participated in the deportation of the more than 300 men,” a court news release on the ruling said.
“The Court considers that at the end of the afternoon of 13 July 1995, Dutchbat should have taken into account the possibility that these men would be the victim of genocide and that it can be said with sufficient certainty that, had Dutchbat allowed them to stay at the compound, these men would have remained alive. By cooperating in the deportation of these men, Dutchbat acted unlawfully.”
The court ruled that the Dutch state should compensate the wives and children of the adult men who were killed and the parents of the boys who died.
However, the Dutch state was not found liable on all the counts put forward by the Mothers of Srebrenica.
It cannot be held liable for the deaths of thousands more men who were killed after they fled to woods near the Dutchbat compound, the court said.
The state also was not found liable for the actions of the Dutchbat peacekeepers before the fall of Srebrenica, nor for the failure of air support to materialize and the force’s failure to recapture the Muslim enclave from the Bosnian Serb forces.
The United Nations had designated Srebrenica a “safe area” for Bosnian Muslims, known as Bosniaks, as the Bosnian Serb forces carried out a campaign of ethnic cleansing.
The massacre there, which the U.N. peacekeepers failed to prevent, was the worst in Europe since the end of World War II.
Last September, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands ruled in a separate case that the Dutch state was liable for the deaths of three Bosnian Muslims who were sent away from the Dutchbat compound outside Srebrenica and subsequently killed by the Bosnian Serb army and allied paramilitary groups.
Meanwhile, the trial of former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and former Bosnian Serb army chief Ratko Mladic continues at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague. Both men are accused of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.